Charles Royal discusses both the kaupapa Maori and matauranga Maori concepts, including their differences and how they can relate to one another. Kaupapa Maori can be referred to as “any particular plan of action created by Maori. Expressing Maori aspirations and certain values and principles.” (Royal 30) This can also be divided into two groups
- Values and plans of action decided by Maori
- Values and action plans which express a set of deeper cultural values and world views.
While kaupapa focusses on the planning/ principles and values of a certain thing or activity, matuaranga maori refers to a ‘continuum of knowledge’ and there is no particular kind of methodology or a set of actions/goals. The term matuaranga can be defined as particular types of knowledge and can be associated with biblical knowledge, literacy and education.
Matuaranga contributes to the goals within kaupapa, while these two concepts may not mean the same thing they are not unrelated and ultimately gain from one another.
Hinetitama is an example of art/design which represent the concepts of kaupapa and matuaranga Maori. Hine is drawn as the first true human, within the image the spiral represents the 10 underworlds while the baby under her arms represents the human race. Matuaranga assists a persons understanding of their iwi and ancestral origins, which is ultimately what this image depicts.
- Kahukiwa, Robyn. “Hinetitama” https://nzhistory.govt.nz/media/photo/hinetitama-robyn-kahukiwa, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 17-May-2017
- Royal, Te Ahukaramu Charles. “Politics and Knowledge – Kaupapa maori and Matauranga maori.” New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 2012, pp. 30-37